Species: R. officinalis
Rosemary (Rosmarinus Officinalis L.) is a shrub belonging to the Lamiaceae family, like sage and oregano.
It is a hardy plant, which adapts well to various kinds of soil – as long as they are well drained – and does not require any particular care to be cultivated and kept in good conditions. It grows extremely well in temperate zones and does not tolerate harsh climates well, especially if there are long periods of cold weather.
Rosemary has very ancient origins, in time it has become naturalized in the Mediterranean, growing as a wild plant in the majority of the costal and inland areas.
It is an evergreen aromatic herb with small, narrow, elongated leaves that grow in an opposite arrangement on its numerous branches. The upper side of the leaves is dark green while the underside, densely covered in hairs, is paler. The highly appreciated aroma of rosemary comes from oil glands, which are found at the base of these hairs and produce the plant's characteristic essential oil.
The flowers, which are pale blue, lilac or white, appear successively on the upper branches of the plant during the hotter months of the year.
Rosemary bushes grow generously and, in optimum conditions, they can even reach a height of 2 mt. They have a taproot from which other secondary roots sprout laterally.
Sprigs of rosemary can be picked all year round, however a greater concentration of essential oils is accumulated in the leaves between late spring and the beginning of summer.
The plant is appreciated for its versatility: in the kitchen for the flavour it gives to dishes, in cosmetics for its aroma, and in medicine for its balsamic and anti-inflammatory properties.
|Scientific name||Rosmarinus officinalis|
|Recommended Seeding||In Pots|
|Distance between rows||75 cm / 150 cm|
|Distance between rows||50 cm / 60 cm|
|Estimated number of plants/sqm||1.00|
|Average growing time||10 years / 15 years|
|Estimated growing sqm per person||0.3|
|Min. Temperature (C°)||-7 °c|
|Soil pH||5.00 / 8.50|
|Can be grown in pots||yes|