Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Allium
Species: A. schoenoprasum


Chives (Allium Schoenoprasum L.) are herbaceous perennial plants belonging to the Liliaceae family.
Native to North America, Europe and Asia, they grow wild in many places on high ground in these continents and have been cultivated since the 16th Century.
Chives are geophytes and ground cover plants; all the green parts of the plant have a distinctive aroma of onion.
Chives prefer soil that is rich in organic matter and well drained.
The bulbs are small (around 2 cm) and are made up of tiny cylindrical, tunicate bulbs which are elongated and grow pointing upwards, with white roots that develop at the bottom.
The leaves are narrow, green and hollow; they reach a height of approximately 25 cm.
Chives flower during summer, semi-spherical umbel inflorescences, made up of small pink/purple, or sometimes white, flowers, form on the tip of the stems.
Chives are highly appreciated in cookery for their aroma, which is similar to that of an onion. They can be eaten raw or chopped and kept in the freezer in plastic bags.

Growing Sheet

Scientific name Allium schoenoprasum
Productivity cycle Perennial
Recommended Seeding in the ground
Sowing Depth 0.30 cm
Distance between rows 25 cm / 35 cm
Distance between rows 8 cm / 12 cm
Estimated number of plants/sqm 30.00
Average growing time 3 years / 6 years
Estimated growing sqm per person 0.3
Ideal Sprouting Temperature (C°) 14 °c - 21 °c
Soil pH 6.00 / 6.80
Can be grown in pots yes