Species: A. hypogaea
The peanut (Arachis hypogaea) is an annual herbaceous plant that belongs to the Fabaceae family (commonly known as the Legumes).
Native to South America, the plant was found by European explorers shortly after the discovery of the continent and exported firstly to Africa and then to North America, while it began to be grown in Europe in the mid 19th century.
Even though it’s a tropical species it can easily grow in many climatic zones, as long as the temperature is permanently above 15 °C – 16 °C.
Peanut plants form a little bush, roughly 50 cm tall, made up of a great number of stalks bearing groups of 2 or 4 oval leaves.
The root system is composed of a main root (taproot) and a great number of secondary roots that grow deep into the ground.
The flowers, which grow from the leaf axils, are yellow streaked with other darker colours (usually tending towards red).
They produce their fruits underground: once pollinated, the flowers bend down towards the ground, growing longer until they bury into it.
In order to obtain a good harvest you need to make sure that the plants grow in soil with a good supply of organic substances, slightly sandy, deep, well drained and definitely not calcareous.
The fruit the plant produces is a cylindrical shaped legume that contains from 1 to 4 oval seeds, the peanuts, covered in a dry red-brown membrane
Peanuts are greatly appreciated for their flavour, they are roasted and eaten as dried fruit or ground and used to make the world-famous peanut butter.
|Scientific name||Arachis hypogaea|
|Recommended Seeding||in the ground|
|Number of seeds||1|
|Sowing Depth||2.00 cm|
|Distance between rows||40 cm / 80 cm|
|Distance between rows||13 cm / 22 cm|
|Estimated number of plants/sqm||10.00|
|Average growing time||145 gg / 170 gg|
|Average sprouting time||5 gg / 11 gg|
|Produce per sqm||0.15 kg / 0.30 kg|
|Ideal Sprouting Temperature (C°)||16 °c - °c|
|Min. Temperature (C°)||15 °c|
|Soil pH||5.90 / 6.80|
|Can be grown in pots||yes|