Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Pisum
Species: P. sativum


Pisum satvium is an annual herbaceous plant, native of the Mediterranean and the Middle East; it belongs to the Fabceae family and is one of the oldest vegetables ever cultivated by man. Pea plants have a thin cylindrical stem that usually reaches a height of around 1.5 mt, but they can grow to over 3 mt, depending on whether the variety chosen is dwarf, self-supporting or climbing. They have green compound leaves that, at the extremities, also develop tendrils which let the pea plant “climb” by coiling around the supports.

They have a taproot that goes deep into the soil and branches into many lateral roots. On these lateral roots swellings develop, called nodules, containing bacteria capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen in the soil. The plant has irregular flowers – usually white – that produce pods, which contain between 7 and 10 seeds; these are peas that we eat.

Growing Sheet

Scientific name Pisum sativum
Productivity cycle Annual
Recommended Seeding in the ground
Amount of seeds 15.00 g
Sowing Depth 2.00 cm
Distance between rows 80 cm / 120 cm
Distance between rows 5 cm / 10 cm
Estimated number of plants/sqm 50.00
Average growing time 100 gg / 120 gg
Average sprouting time 5 gg / 8 gg
Produce per sqm 0.80 kg / 1.20 kg
Estimated growing sqm per person 4.5
Ideal Sprouting Temperature (C°) 10 °c - 24 °c
Soil pH 6.00 / 6.50
Can be grown in pots no



One of the most common varieties, straight pods, around 12 cm long, containing 8-10 seeds, heavy crop.


Late variety of mangetout, straight or slightly curved pods, 12 cm in length.


Popular variety, average/late, straight pods around 10 cm long, good crop.


Early variety, curved pods around 13 cm in length, containing 9-10 seeds.