Peppers

Peppers

Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Capsicum
Species: C. annuum

Description

Peppers (Capsicum annuum) belong to the Solanaceae family. They are native to South America, where they have been cultivated since ancient times (back as far as the fifth century BC) and from where they reached us after the discovery of the New World (brought to Europe in 1493 by Christopher Columbus, returning from his second journey).
They are perennials that are however cultivated as annuals when not in their natural habitat. Pepper plants are shrubs with an erect, branched stem and have dark green oval or elliptical, lanceolate leaves. The flowers are axial, they are white and single, with 5 petals and yellow/green stamen. The fruit is a berry that may be of various colours and shapes: peppers can be green, yellow and red, as well as long, round, oval, cylindrical, cylindrical/conical and square-shaped.

Growing Sheet

Scientific name Capsicum annuum
Productivity cycle Annual
Recommended Seeding In Pots
Number of seeds 2
Sowing Depth 0.30 cm
Distance between rows 50 cm / 80 cm
Distance between rows 30 cm / 50 cm
Estimated number of plants/sqm 3.00
Average growing time 120 gg / 220 gg
Average sprouting time 8 gg / 15 gg
Produce per sqm 1.50 kg / 3.00 kg
Estimated growing sqm per person 1.5
Ideal Sprouting Temperature (C°) 15 °c - 30 °c
Min. Temperature (C°) 12 °c
Soil pH 6.00 / 7.00
Can be grown in pots yes

Variety

California Wonder

A vigorous variety that bears square-shaped, plump, sweet fruit around 10 cm long.

California Wonder
Corno di toro rosso

A very early maturing variety, bearing conical shaped fruit.

Corno di toro rosso
Friggitelli

This medium-early variety has a compact plant; it bears conical shaped fruit around 10 cm long, which are green or bright red when ripe, sweet and very tasty.

Friggitelli
Quadrato d’asti

Variety bearing square-shaped fruit, which are large, plump and sweet.

Quadrato d’asti
Giallo di Cuneo

A variety suitable for fairly hot climates, in order to obtain the best results it requires high temperatures (around 26° C). Sudden changes in temperature and strong winds have a negative effect on growth and limit production.
The fruit has 4 lobes that converge into a somewhat pointed end. The skin is bright yellow and shiny; the flesh is crisp and particularly thick.
The quality of the fruit and its sweet flavour make this variety one of the best peppers for cooking.

Giallo di Cuneo