Beans

Beans

Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Phaseolus
Species: P. vulgaris

Description

The common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) belongs to the Fabaceae family and is native to Central America. It was brought to Europe in around 1500, following the discovery of the New World, and later spread throughout all the climatic areas suitable for its cultivation. According to the variety, bean plants can be climbing, semi-erect or dwarf. The common bean, like all members of the Fabaceae family, is practically self-sufficient as far as nitrogenous nutrition is concerned; this is due to the symbiotic relationship with a bacterium that grows around the roots, and that is capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen and making it available for the plant. Bean plants have a tap root from which secondary branch roots develop. The height of the stem may range from 40 cm – 50 cm, in dwarf varieties, to over 2 m in climbing ones. The leaves are compound, with three oval or heart shaped leaflets, while the flowers are grouped together and can be of various colours from white-yellow, to white-pink, to red-purple. The fruits, called pods or legumes, are hanging and can be of various shapes and sizes. The number of seeds they contain may vary according to the variety grown. When mature they can be white, yellow, green, reddish or variegated.

Growing Sheet

Scientific name Phaseolus vulgaris
Productivity cycle Annual
Recommended Seeding in the ground
Number of seeds 4
Sowing Depth 2.00 cm
Distance between rows 80 cm / 100 cm
Distance between rows 15 cm / 20 cm
Estimated number of plants/sqm 20.00
Average growing time 65 gg / 85 gg
Average sprouting time 6 gg / 8 gg
Produce per sqm 0.80 kg / 1.40 kg
Estimated growing sqm per person 3.3
Ideal Sprouting Temperature (C°) 15 °c - 18 °c
Min. Temperature (C°) 5 °c
Soil pH 6.00 / 7.50
Can be grown in pots yes

Variety

Borlotto di Vigevano Nano

Dwarf variety, with red and white streaked pods, around 13 cm in length and straight; the seeds are pinkish streaked with red.

Borlotto di Vigevano Nano
Cannellino or Lingot

Dwarf variety, with straight pods around 14 cm in length; the seeds are white, ideal to be eaten both fresh and dried.

Cannellino or Lingot
Bingo

Climbing Borlotto variety, one of the earliest and best quality.

Bingo
Bianco di Spagna

Climbing late variety, with luxuriant growth and large white seeds.

Bianco di Spagna
Dwarf borlotto lingua di fuoco

A late, dwarf, climbing variety; appreciated for its high yield. The pods are straight, variegated with red and usually reach a length of 16 cm; they contain on average between 5 and 9 beans, which are off-white with red flecks.

Dwarf borlotto lingua di fuoco