Green Beans

Green Beans

Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Phaseolus
Species: P. vulgaris

Description

Green beans are varieties of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) that, as opposed to those cultivated solely for their seeds (shell or shelling beans), are eaten whole and fresh. Belongs to the Fabaceae family and is native to Central America. It was brought to Europe in around 1500, following the discovery of the New World, and later spread throughout all the climatic areas suitable for its cultivation. According to the variety, Green beans plants can be climbing, semi-erect or dwarf. The common bean, like all members of the Fabaceae family, is practically self-sufficient as far as nitrogenous nutrition is concerned; this is due to the symbiotic relationship with a bacterium that grows around the roots, and that is capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen and making it available for the plant. Green beans plants have a tap root from which secondary branch roots develop. The height of the stem may range from 40 cm – 50 cm, in dwarf varieties, to over 2 m in climbing ones. The leaves are compound, with three oval or heart shaped leaflets, while the flowers are grouped together and can be of various colours from white-yellow, to white-pink, to red-purple. The fruits, called pods or legumes, are hanging and can be of various shapes and sizes.

Growing Sheet

Scientific name Phaseolus vulgaris
Productivity cycle Annual
Recommended Seeding in the ground
Number of seeds 4
Sowing Depth 2.00 cm
Distance between rows 80 cm / 100 cm
Distance between rows 15 cm / 20 cm
Estimated number of plants/sqm 20.00
Average growing time 65 gg / 85 gg
Average sprouting time 6 gg / 8 gg
Produce per sqm 0.80 kg / 2.00 kg
Estimated growing sqm per person 4.0
Ideal Sprouting Temperature (C°) 15 °c - 18 °c
Min. Temperature (C°) 5 °c
Soil pH 6.00 / 7.50
Can be grown in pots yes

Variety

Cropper teepee

Early, dwarf variety, with bright green pods around 16 cm long and white seeds.

Cropper teepee
Fin de Bagnols

Old dwarf variety that is always appreciated, it is early with pods over 16 cm long and white seeds.

Fin de Bagnols
Processor

Old dwarf variety, early and hardy, with light green pods around 15 cm in length and white seeds.

Processor
Blue Lake

One of the most popular climbing varieties, with straight pods around 15 cm in length and white seeds.

Blue Lake
Marconi

Very popular climbing variety, with pale green pods that grow to a length of 20 cm or more.

Marconi
Kentucky wonder wax

Climbing variety, with yellow pods that reach a length of 20 cm and brown seeds.

Kentucky wonder wax
Dwarf slenderette

A mid-early dwarf variety with a high yield. The plant grows to a height of around 50 cm. The fact that it‘s easy to grow and has a high yield make it one of the best varieties for beginners. The pods are bright green, straight and about 15 am long. The beans have a very good flavour, they can be eaten just after picking or kept in the fridge.

Dwarf slenderette