Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Brassica
Species: Brassica oleracea var. capitata


Cabbage is a variety of Brassica oleracea and its scientific name is Brassica oleracea var. capitata. It has been known since ancient times and was eaten in ancient Greece and Rome. The plant has a central taproot from which numerous secondary roots develop, as does the short and fairly stubby stem which has a head formed by tight layers of smooth leaves. The head is generally rounded but it can also be flattened, elongated or heart-shaped; it has a centre that varies in colour, according to the variety, going from white, to yellowy, to various shades of green The large leaves, which do not have petioles, can be of various shades of green, from light to dark to bluish green, but there are also some varieties with purple or red leaves.

Growing Sheet

Scientific name Brassica oleracea var. capitata
Productivity cycle Annual
Recommended Seeding In Pots
Number of seeds 2
Sowing Depth 0.30 cm
Distance between rows 70 cm / 80 cm
Distance between rows 50 cm / 60 cm
Estimated number of plants/sqm 4.00
Average growing time 90 gg / 110 gg
Average sprouting time 6 gg / 8 gg
Produce per sqm 3.50 kg / 4.00 kg
Estimated growing sqm per person 1.2
Ideal Sprouting Temperature (C°) 5 °c - 25 °c
Min. Temperature (C°) -2 °c
Soil pH 6.50 / 7.20
Can be grown in pots yes