Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Brassica
Species: Brassica oleracea var. italiaca


Broccoli belongs to the Brassicaceae family, it is a variety of Brassica oleracea and its scientific name is Brassica oleracea var. italica. Broccoli has been known and eaten since ancient Roman times, it is native to the Mediterranean area from which it spread to Europe and the rest of the world, including the United States, thanks to the many Italian emigrants.
Broccoli is a biennial plant with a taproot that grows to a length of around 20 cm from which many secondary roots develop. A short stumpy stem, which rarely reaches more than 30 cm in height, grows from the taproot; off this stem grow the leaves -- smaller, more undulated and numerous than those of the cauliflower – and the head, which is formed by grey-green flowers (an inflorescence) and is the part normally eaten, even though it is possible to eat the flowers closer to the inflorescence.

Growing Sheet

Scientific name Brassica oleracea var. italica
Productivity cycle Annual
Recommended Seeding In Pots
Number of seeds 2
Sowing Depth 0.30 cm
Distance between rows 60 cm / 80 cm
Distance between rows 40 cm / 60 cm
Estimated number of plants/sqm 6.00
Average growing time 120 gg / 150 gg
Average sprouting time 6 gg / 8 gg
Produce per sqm 1.00 kg / 2.00 kg
Estimated growing sqm per person 1.0
Ideal Sprouting Temperature (C°) 5 °c - 25 °c
Min. Temperature (C°) 5 °c
Soil pH 6.00 / 7.00
Can be grown in pots yes