Variegated radicchio di Castelfranco

Variegated radicchio di Castelfranco

Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Cichorium
Species: C. intybus


Variegated radicchio di Castelfranco Veneto (Cichorium intybus L.) is a biennial herbaceous plant, grown as an annual, belonging to the Asteraceae family.
It’s interesting to know that radicchio is a kind of chicory. The word “radicchio” is used for types of chicory that have red leaves with various degrees of variegation.
Variegated radicchio di Castelfranco Veneto was created, in the 17th Century, by crossing radicchio di Treviso and escarole.
This variety grows in autumn and is very sensitive to cold winter weather. As with all types of radicchio, you must take care to sow it at the right time and guarantee constant irrigation.
The head is less compact that other varieties of radicchio, the leaves are very open at the bottom and rise up inwards until they close in the centre.  The leaves are rounded and have a feathery edge, they are creamy white in colour and variegated with purplish red.
The particular shape and colouring of radicchio di Castelfranco Veneto have earned it nicknames that recall its beauty, such as “orchid lettuce” or “winter rose”.
Variegated radicchio di Castelfranco Veneto is certainly the most prized variety; its tender leaves and bitter flavour, with sweet undertones, make it highly appreciated in the kitchen.

Growing Sheet

Scientific name Cichorium intybus
Productivity cycle Annual
Recommended Seeding In Pots
Number of seeds 2
Sowing Depth 2.00 cm
Distance between rows 30 cm / 40 cm
Distance between rows 30 cm / 40 cm
Estimated number of plants/sqm 9.00
Average growing time 200 gg / 220 gg
Average sprouting time 3 gg / 7 gg
Produce per sqm 0.50 kg / 0.80 kg
Ideal Sprouting Temperature (C°) 8 °c - 12 °c
Min. Temperature (C°) 5 °c
Soil pH 6.00 / 7.00
Can be grown in pots yes