Plant your best garlic cloves fuzzy butt down in your planting pots. The cloves should bulbs the size of the bulb they came off. This garlic should be planted in the fall so the root system has the opportunity to grow all winter. Come spring they will pop their head up and start growing the bulb. The rest can be learned later. There are many good web sites where you can learn from professional garlic growers how to determine when your garlic is ready for harvest.
The wonderful thing is you can plant your cloves now and after they start growing you can pull them up and use them as needed. I call this my green garlic. It's not ready as a mature bulb but it has tons of flavor. Wash well, chop finely and saute.